To understand what a dialysis does you need to understand the functions of the kidney. The kidneys main function in the body is to remove waste products from the body by filtering them from the blood. A dialysis is an artificial replacement for the kidneys. It's a process for removing waste from the blood stream and it is primarily used for people who have lost kidney function due to renal failure. There are two kinds of dialysis. Hemodialysis is done at a dialysis center. A dialysis machine filters your blood and circulates it back into the body. This type of dialysis requires a port or shunt to be surgically implanted into your arm or chest. This type of dialysis must be done 2-3 times a week and is a 3-4 hour process. The other type of dialysis is peritoneal dialysis which can be done at home. This type of dialysis can be done at home because the equipment involved is fairly portable. It needs to be done daily.
Dialysis treatment is needed for people who suffer from renal failure, or commonly known as kidney failure. This is a medical condition where the kidney fails to properly filter toxins and waste from the blood. There are two forms of renal failure. These two forms are acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. One of the causes of acute renal failure is drug overdoses. People who suffer from acute failure can recover and lead a normal healthy life afterwards. Though they often remain at increased risk of developing future kidney failure. The most common causes of chronic kidney disease is diabetes mellitus and Polycystic kidney disease. The majority of the people suffering from these diseases have a family history of them. Unlike acute failure people who have chronic kidney disease can never recover and may need dialysis treatment for the rest of their life.
Living with dialysis treatment takes a lot of time and commitment. Especially if you decide to go with peritoneal dialysis treatment route since it requires you to do the treatment on a daily basis. Peritoneal dialysis treatment also requires the patient to play an active role in their own dialysis treatment. It's also the patient's responsibility to maintain a clean surface on the abdomen, where the treatment is administered, in order to prevent infection. Dialysis treatment is also accompanied by severe dietary and lifestyle restrictions. It's not easy. It requires a level commitment and fortitude that is rarely matched in other challenges, but it's a challenge that you can overcome to lead a happy and successful life.