Are you concerned about kidney cancer? The kidneys are vital organs in the body, that use a series of filters to keep the good substances in the blood while removing the bad substances via the urine. Unfortunately, like other organs, the kidneys are susceptible to a number of serious problems. Some of the most common diseases include urinary tract infections and pyelonephritis; however, in some cases, the kidneys can also develop cancer. Kidney cancer is a serious disease that can lead to death if untreated. Therefore, it is important for everyone to understand how kidney cancer might appear and the treatment options that are available. This knowledge could save the life of a family member,  a friend or you.

Kidney cancer can present in many different ways; however, one of the most common signs is a fever. Yes, a fever is a common sign of multiple diseases. In most cases, it indicates an infection; however, a fever that persists for many days to weeks is unlikely to be an untreated infection. An infection that persists for weeks often places someone in the hospital. A fever can also be a sign of kidney cancer. Of course, there are many other signs that could indicate kidney cancer. People should understand all of these so that they know when to seek the help of a doctor.

One of the universal signs of kidney cancer is blood in the urine. As mentioned above, the kidneys are a series of filters that help to remove toxic products from the body while keeping good substances intact. In kidney cancer, the tumor invades the kidney and damages these filters. Therefore, the filters no longer work properly and blood enters the urine. Therefore, the urine in someone with kidney cancer shows up bright red. Blood in the urine could also indicate a urinary tract infection; however, when examined under the microscope, the urine will show blood without bacteria. Therefore, a urinary tract infection is not present and, more than likely, kidney cancer is present. What are some of the treatment options for an individual who has kidney cancer?

If someone presents with the signs and symptoms above, the suspicion of kidney cancer is going to be high. As a result, a rapid diagnosis is needed. An ultrasound is often performed first to demonstrate the tumor on imaging. Then, a biopsy is typically performed to get a piece of the tumor and look at it under the microscope. Once all of this is done, the diagnosis is confirmed. Then, treatment can begin. In many cases, the entire kidney can be removed. Because people can survive with only one kidney, this is a popular treatment option. In some cases, chemotherapy and radiation are used first to shrink the tumor to an operable size. Examples of chemotherapy drugs include Hydroxyurea, Bortezomib, and Imatinib. If the cancer is present in both kidneys, the individual could require a kidney transplant to preserve some of the kidney function.

In the end, kidney cancer is a serious disease. If someone has serious kidney disease, they might even need a transplant. In order to tide an individual over, they might be placed on dialysis. While this is a viable treatment option, it is also temporary. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to ensure a positive prognosis.